Smiling Is Powerful Medicine: Research on How Smiling Can  Improve Your Health, and Relationships 

Smiling Is Powerful Medicine: Research on How Smiling Can  Improve Your Health, and Relationships 

By Karson McGinley

No matter where you find yourself on this planet or what language you speak, you’ll know a smile when you see one. While cross-cultural studies reveal slightly different meanings ascribed to smiling, they appear throughout the lifespan of all human (and some non-human) beings. Scientists have identified three different kinds of authentic smiles as well as identified the traits of a fake one.

What can all the research on smiling do for you? More than you might think. Psychological researchers have found many benefits to the act of smiling that include improved relationships, improved mental health, and even increased lifespan! Keep reading to learn more about some recent findings on smiling than can take your life from good to great with a simple curve of the mouth.


I have always valued my smile.  I have been blessed with a “good” smile, but I haven’t been blessed with strong bones that hold my teeth in my mouth that make a “good” smile.  The photo above is a mosaic frame I gave to my prosthodontist of with a photo of us.  This wonderful man helped me get my smile back when my teeth and implants were falling out of my mouth, due to deteriorating bone.

Smiling Is Good for Your Health 

You likely tend to think of a smile as a result of positive emotions or stimuli, but it turns out that your smile can actually affect your stress levels and productivity, too. When scientists asked participants to engage in a challenging task, they found that the smiling folk had lower stress levels and heart rates than the non-smiling group. Some people were asked to hold chopsticks horizontally in their mouths to simulate the shape of a smile, and even those people saw the positive effects of the smile on their faces.


I’ve heard that looking in a mirror and smiling while talking on the phone (especially at work) can make a world of difference on how that conversation plays out.  If you smile during that conversation I bet the end results will turn out greatly more positive than if you frowned or had no smile.  I bet your stress level and productivity will be more healthy by your smile, as well!

Smiling also releases endorphins, which improves your mood, helps you to relax, and lowers your blood pressure. And because smiling is contagious, the benefits of your smile extend beyond your own body to the people you engage with.

Smiling May Help You Live Longer 

So if smiling can contribute to less overall stress, and lower stress levels prolong lifespan, then smiling prolongs lifespan, right? Right! A compelling study at Wayne State University studied photos to classify the smiles of 230 baseball players. They found that the players with partial smiles lived on average two years longer than players who didn’t smile at all; those who had the biggest smiles lived roughly seven years longer than then non-smiling ones.

While it might be frightening to think about your school-age yearbook photos having any indication of the span of your life, it may be time to turn that frown upside down to make up for lost time.


My granny lived just shy of her hundredth birthday.  She was always smiling.  I never heard her say anything negative or anything bad about anyone or anything.  Her mindset led her to a long and happy life.

I try to live my life like that today, being optimistic and hopeful, joyful and content.  Even though life throws curveballs at us each and everyday, can we not take the time to remember just three things for which we are grateful?  Can we not know that at this very moment everything is perfect and just as it is meant to be?  What are we going to do with this moment?  Be at peace or shit on it?  I choose to be at peace.

Smiling Improves Your Relationships 

Looking for a date or a mate? People find you more attractive (and thinner) when you smile. Studies show that different areas of the brain light up when looking at pictures of people who are smiling versus not smiling. People who are smiling to any degree are generally labeled more attractive (and women are considered more trustworthy than those with neutral expressions. The next time you are in a social situation and want someone to talk to you try smiling and see what happens.


I remember an old beau telling me how much more beautiful I am when I smile.  Agreed.  When looking at photos of myself without my smile, “Yuck!”  Scary!”  “Ugly!”

As I practice daily smiling and centering on a life deserving of smiling, staying in humility and gratitude, my photos sure are more pleasing.

Smiling Improves Effectiveness in the Workplace 

The benefits of smiling extend beyond interpersonal relationships to the work environment. Smiling at your coworkers creates moments of connection that lead to greater productivity and teamwork. People in the service industry prove to have a more positive effect on customers when they smile. And people in leadership positions tend to favor their employees who smile more regularly. However, be careful, as some studies have shown that smiling too much can prevent you from being hired, as it can make your potential employer find you to be less serious or competent. One article suggests that smiling only at the beginning and end of an interview is enough to show that you are friendly, but not so friendly that you would be taken advantage of or manipulated.


I remember my boss and customers always ribbing me for smiling all the time.  I would just reply, “Sure beats the alternative”.  Why not smile?  All we have is this moment in front of our noses and it’s good, yeah?  It brings me into gratitude.  I sure like living realizing my glass is half-full, and not half-empty.

Smiling Improves Your Mood 

Yes, you smile when you’re in a good mood, but smiling can also put you in a good mood. When participants were injected with botulinum toxin (a neuromuscular blocker) that would paralyze the frowning muscles in their faces, their moods improved and their depressive symptoms decreased. This finding suggests that the facial expressions involved in a true smile are part of a feedback loop that affects your emotions. People who frown during unpleasant procedures report more pain than those who make neutral or relaxed faces, inferring that the feedback loop works both ways.


I’m being reminded of the countless hours I’ve spent in the dentist chair.  Not always pleasant.  But when I remember to breathe, that everything is perfect at this moment, that the end result is worth this discomfort, I can release my tension back into the clouds.  It does not serve me.  Being stress free and in the moment helps tremendously to get back into gratitude and serenity.

Also, I try not to expend what little energy I have on thoughts and feelings that do not serve my well-being.  I spent so many wasted hours on researching why I had bone-loss.  I could have been using that energy for something more positive.  I did, however, later find out by my periodontist the simple reason for bone-loss in my mouth while the rest of my bones were strong and healthy.  None of that research nor delving into my past of “could have’s, would have’s, should have’s” made any difference of where I am now.  I shall expend my energy in a positive direction moving forward, not backward.

What Constitutes a Real Smile? 

The botulinum toxin studies also point to the importance of the eyes and forehead when smiling authentically.

The Duchenne (or genuine) smile involves not just the muscles around the mouth, but also the ones that cause the cheeks to raise and the eyes to crescent. People who smile just with their mouths (think of the “say cheese” smile when taking a photo) don’t experience the same rewards as those who are smiling with their entire face; they do experience some of the benefits, just to a lesser degree.

People who tend more easily toward Duchenne smiles self-report better life satisfaction and marriages, however, so it may be worth learning how to smile with more of your face in the long run.


Just be who you are…perfect at this very moment.  It will show up in your smile if you are comfortable in your own skin and love yourself.  And you should feel good about yourself.  You’re doing and being the best you can…right now.  You have gifts that no one else on this planet has.  Cherish them.  Share them.  Not only will your self-love and self-worth show up in your smile, it will emanate from every fiber of your being, felt by everyone around you, and the trickle-down effect is magical! 

Practice Makes Perfect 

Practice makes perfect—especially for men. Researcher Marianne LaFrance says that women smile more than men (mostly because they’re better at social intelligence and judging what is going on with other people). But far and away, children win the smiling contest. One article reports that children smile, on average, 400 times a day, whereas the happiest adults only smile 40-50 times a day.

If that doesn’t give you a kick in the pants, consider it this way: speaker and entrepreneur Ron Gutman says in his popular Ted Talk on the hidden power of smiling, that smiling is like a superpower. But unlike the power to fly or to become invisible, this one can be learned, practiced diligently, and improved upon.

So watch a funny movie, play more with your kids, and practice calling to mind someone who really lights you up when you’re posing for a picture. The smile on your face could literally make you happier, healthier, more effective, more attractive, and live a longer life. Doesn’t the thought of that make you smile?


Just like any- and everything in our lives that we want to change, practice makes perfect.  The seed has been planted.  It’s up to us how badly we want to change.  See the glass half-full and not half-empty, living a positive and optimistic life, living in peace and contentment; they all come from baby steps.  Keep at it.  You will get results beyond your wildest dreams!

With warmest aloha,

Dee Harris

For those interested in Art with a Message of Hope and Optimism, please visit my website at  Mahalo and have a great day!

*Editor’s Note: The information in this article is intended for your educational use only; does not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Chopra Center’s Mind-Body Medical Group; and is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health providers with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition and before undertaking any diet, supplement, fitness, or other health program.

About the Author 

Karson McGinley, Yoga Teacher, Life Coach, and Joy Seeker

Karson McGinley is the founder of Happy-U ( H olistic A pproach to P ositive P sychology & Y oga) and the co- owner (along with her husband) of Happy-U Namasté Yoga Center ( in San Diego, CA. A teacher for over a decade, Karson works to bridge the gap between the ancient wisdom of yoga and the modern science of happiness through her yoga classes, workshops, and Happy-U’s Teacher Training program. Karson’s classes are inspired by what goes on in the modern day life of a joy-seeker, using the power of music, laughter, and storytelling to take her students on a journey within.

From The Chopra Center



“I am not what happened to me.  I am what I choose to become.”

 – Carl Jung

No one’s life follows a linear path.  No one’s life is devoid of mistakes, pain, and regret.  No one lives a perfect life.  No one is immune to some kind of struggle.  Everyone has something to work through.

So today, start where you are – not where you wish you were, but where you are.  I used to spend so much time beating myself up for choices I’d made.  Living in either the past or the future keeps me up in my head, out of reality, robbing me of the present.

So today, I choose to live in the present.  My intention is to authentically be myself as I am today.  I try to stay conscious of not judging myself and others.  All that time and energy I spent in the past and future I can now spend on my family, my friends, my purpose, and my mission – in other words, my actual life.

This day offers each of us a chance to be the person we want to be.

From I’ve Been Thinking…Reflections, Prayers, and Meditations for a Meaningful Life by Maria Shriver


Life is a journey, not a destination.  Right?  When I reflect on my 62 years on this planet I’ve had so many journeys, experiences, interactions.  I now know that each and every one of them was for a reason, were perfect at that very time in my life.  I am who I am today because of those chapters in my life.

It wasn’t until I was in my 40’s that everything changed…for the best.  Before then I was an active alcoholic.  I had no religion nor spirituality in my life.  I lived from my head and not from my heart.  I had no purpose and felt like a waste of space on the planet.

When I found that I could not go a day without drinking I talked to my dad in heaven and asked if he would help me.  My dad died of alcoholism.  We were not close.  I was afraid of him as a child.  But he helped me.  Soon thereafter I was in a 28-day treatment facility for alcoholism.  I was taught about the disease of alcoholism and Alcoholics Anonymous.

Those 28-days changed my life…for the best.  I realized that no matter how much I thought, how much of my will I put into not drinking, it wasn’t going to happen.  I was allowed to make up a god of my own understanding and turn my will and my life over to it.  I was taught to live from my heart and not my head.  And I found that I was not alone.  There was a fellowship of like-minded people, like me, working to live a better and sober life.

I no longer look in the mirror and hate myself.  I have learned to love myself and be comfortable in my own skin.  Working the 12 Steps of Alcoholics Anonymous has shown me that alcohol was just a symptom of my disease.  I learned what makes Dee tick and how to shed the defects that didn’t serve me.  I have been given a toolbox for living.  I learned to trust myself and others by being rigorously honest.  I learned to ask for help and to be there for those in need.

Turning my life over to a Higher Power has been such a gift.  Today I have a purpose of sharing my experience, strength and hope with whomever enters my bubble with whatever issues that ail them.  I can be mindful and respectful and make eye contact and listen.  I can show compassion and give comfort.  

Today I can live in the moment without regrets of the past nor fear of the future.  The present is all I have and all I have to do is be the best I can be.  Not perfect.  Just the best I can be.  I don’t have to impress you.  I can be me.  I love being me.  I love allowing my god to be in control and know that I am protected and guided through this journey called life.  Yes, all along there was a purpose for me that I would have never realized had I not been an alcoholic.  A grateful one at that.

Please love yourself for who you are.  Don’t compare yourself and your life with those around you or those in the limelight.  Love yourself and your unique gifts that none of us has.  YOU have them!  Share them.  Use them to make this world a better place and to give hope and optimism to those who enter your bubble.  You’re perfect just the way you are…right here…right now! and know that everything happens for a reason.

Aloha, Dee Harris

For those interested in Art with a Message of Hope and Optimism, please visit my website at  Mahalo and have a great day!


Reveal Your Purpose and Take Inspired Action 

By LouiseLaffey(/bios/louise-laffey)

If you were adventurous of spirit and chose to embark on the feel-your-feelings experiment (, you’ll know that putting down those old familiar mental identities of thinker and doer is not for the faint-hearted.

It takes courage and conviction to live a different way of life to those around you, but once you’ve been bitten by the “being-ness” bug there’s no turning back! You’ve tasted the joy and freedom that comes from living in clear flow and you’ve rediscovered the power that can turn dirt into gold.

Let the Universe Show You the Way

Even if you think you haven’t taken the full plunge into being-ness, rest assured you’ve already tasted a little bit of the magic that comes from feeling your feelings and allowing the Universe ( to-recognize-signs-from-the-universe) to openly show you how things really work. You know you live in a vibrational Universe. You’ve had plenty of synchronous signs dropped in your lap to make you sit up and pay attention to the fact that you are not the one actually running the show (although a part of you still thinks that you are).


What a total life changer…not only being able to go a day without drinking but turning my will and my life over to a Power Greater Than Myself, that I got to make up!  A new and weird thing to learn was living through my heart and not my head.  Totally against how I lived my whole life up to that point.  I was intelligent.  A thinker.  Anything I put my mind to I could get.  So why could I not go a day without drinking?

Allowing my Higher Power to do the driving and me to kick back in the passenger seat enjoying the ride, the lessons, the interactions, my life, was so foreign.  But once I tried it and found that obligations were being met, my life became more interesting and exciting.  I wake up now wondering what the day holds, excited to learn from experiences both “good” and “bad”. 

The good news is you’re at a point in your awakening where you understand you have the power to create. Now you want to know how to use that power with greater effect.

Unearthing Your Purpose

You want to use your power for good—for a purpose ( lifes-purpose) bigger than yourself. Usually it’s to help someone or something you feel passionate about. You want to leave a positive, meaningful impact on the world. The only problem is that you don’t always know exactly what that purpose looks like or how you’re going to make that purpose happen from where you are now. Even if you do have some sense of clarity, your purpose doesn’t always unfold as fast as you want, when you want, and most of all, how you want.

It can lead to a terrible sense of frustration. You can drive yourself crazy trying to work out what you are supposed to do with your life. The problem may be that you are making the same mistake by going into your head to try to solve your questions. Stop thinking! Go inward and start feeling your answers.


I got sober awhile ago, but did not stay sober.  As a newcomer I did everything suggested in AA.  I felt I floated on that pink cloud for many years.  But as we get sober one day at a time, we also get “unsober” one day at a time as well.  My life was good…until I stopped attending meetings, staying connected to the fellowship, giving back what was so freely given me when I needed it most…and I forgot what it was like to be a newcomer.  Slowly I got back into my head and stopped living from my heart.

Shift Your Focus Inside

When you shift your focus inside, the lights suddenly turn green. You begin to ask yourself questions with a fresh sense of openness and freedom, curious to feel and hear the answers to come. Instead of bouncing straight into your thoughts (, take a few moments to sit quietly with your feelings and wait with the nothingness. And then, there it is, your next clear step. The perfect instruction to move you forward with ease and grace: inspired action. No confusion. No fuss. Perfect timing.


Having slipped after over 13 years of sobriety I was scared shitless that I wouldn’t make it back into AA, the fellowship, and sobriety.  The only requirement for AA is the desire to stop drinking and I didn’t have it.  I checked myself into an outpatient program having spent 28 days in a treatment program my first time around.  Being an alcoholic was confirmed to me with that first shot of tequila offered me, even when I said, “No.  I don’t drink.”  It yelled at me to drink it and I had no defense, no insurance for which I pay premiums by going to meetings and reaching out to those in need.  I told myself I was fine but I needed the fellowship to call me on my bullshit.

After going to daily meetings for weeks” and confessing “I drank last night”, I finally surrendered and accepted I had to do what was uncomfortable to me.  Making calls to four women each night to say, “Hi, I’m Dee and I am not in the sunlight of the spirit”, seemed ridiculous.  But it worked.  Something worked.  I stopped drinking and once again I can live from my heart, not my head, and float on that pink cloud once again.

Act on Inspired Action

You will recognize an inspired action when it arrives; it compels you to move. You can’t see it coming before it lands but when it does, there’s no mistaking it. It will come to you complete, with the energy of Truth you’ll find hard to ignore. And while your mind will try to tell you otherwise, it’s much wiser than thought. An inspired action is always simple, clear, and precise. It may turn up as a feeling that it’s the time to go, the place to be, the person to meet, or the thing to see.

Whatever its sign, it will always leave you with a smile as it magically shows how this piece of the puzzle fits perfectly into the moment that’s about to unfold.


When I’m waiting for answers to come to dilemmas that perfectly arise in my life to teach me something, to help me grow and be a better person, I put that dilemma in my God Box, quiet my mind and know I will get good orderly direction when I’m ready.  When the student is ready, the master appears.  How do I know?  I’ve experienced it, many times, to my wonderment and gratitude.

Be Your True Self

The more you practice navigating your life through feeling your feelings, the more you realize a big part of your purpose is learning how to follow inspired actions. As your willingness to trust the process grows, so will your confidence and success.

Every inspired action will bring you a stronger, clearer sense of your best direction and a new sense of wonder, as opportunity after amazing opportunity opens up with effortless flow. And with it, the awareness of a physical sensation within, the feeling of a vibrant, river-like momentum noticeably moving through you. Step by step, the Universe will teach you how to use your power with purpose for your highest good—how to live in your true flow by being more of your true Self.


When I left rehab in 1998 my counselor told me it was a waste for me to go back to being a grocery checker.  Resentment!  I was a good checker.  It was a good job.  But now that I’ve left that job to pursue my love of art, I’m finding I am creating art with a message of hope, of recovery, of unity.  I am also finding that when I sell either online or at a market the connections I make with other like-minded people is amazing.  It’s a win-win.  They get to bring home my art that inspires and offers optimism and I get to pay my bills and grow to be a better person.

Let Go of Fear

When you consciously choose to trust your inner wisdom to guide your steps, you realize universal energy is always showing you the path of least resistance, the most efficient way for you to use your energy so you can fulfill your purpose. If you can loosen the mental grips, the misinterpretations you have imposed upon your feelings by simply observing them in the moment, you begin to let go of your fear, the “into-fear-ence” (a term coined by author Michael Brown in The Presence Process) that has been blocking your natural flow. You can open your hands to receive the moments of magic that are waiting for you. The more you can allow yourself to open up with childlike curiosity to what is being given to you in each and every moment, the more you will discover how to surf the waves of your emotions with a new sense of awe.


Today I strive to live in the moment.  I no longer have regrets of the past nor worry of the future.  I know that everything is perfect at this very moment and there is a plan and purpose given me from my Higher Power.  And that plan is to share my experience, strength and hope with others whether alcoholics, drug addicts, those suffering from mental problems, abuse, or life itself.  That’s what “I get to do” each and everyday with excitement and anticipation!

Every day you are offered thousands of opportunities to notice this one moment, the perfect moment to connect you back into your feelings. You have the opportunity to go back into your Self and embrace the energy of love that can propel you to heights only your soul can imagine.

All it takes is a willingness of heart to trust in your flow and try your experiment. Only you can ask the questions that will light up your life, and only you can feel the answers that will fill up your heart. Keep feeling, seeking, exploring, receiving, and most of all, believing.

Gain clarity on why your life is the way it is, what’s holding you back, what you really want, and how to get it at our Chopra Women’s Retreat. Learn More. (


Getting sober doesn’t happen overnight.  I did not become an alcoholic overnight.  I had to shed a lifetime of defects (thanks to the 12 Steps of Alcoholics Anonymous!).  Through experimental “fake it ’til you make it’s”, trial and error, hope and optimism, I finally get to love myself for who I am, with my alcoholic thinking and behavior.  I have a tool box to help me get back on track.  I have a fellowship that calls me on my bullshit.  Life is so much easier and way more meaningful and rewarding.

Aloha and mahalo for taking the time to read my blog.  For those interested in my Art with a Message of Hope and Recovery, please visit my website at  With warmest aloha, Dee Harris.

About the Author, Louise Laffey (/bios/louise-laffey) Guest Speaker 

Once a young lawyer and an intuitive spiritual seeker, Louise Laffey, struggled to reconcile what she viewed as two separate lives. As a lawyer she enjoyed many of trappings of the modern world, but always felt like she was compromising herself and her values to meet someone else’s agenda. She escaped to South America, where she embarked on the spiritual journey that led her to create the process of fully aligning prosperity with her purpose. For the past nine years, Louise has travelled the world, teaching more than 50,000 people from over 20 countries to identify and clear the unconscious blocks standing in the way of their prosperity, freeing them to consciously create more wealth and abundance in… Read more (/bios/louise-laffey)                                                                                                                         From The Chopra Center


Mindfulness is not a difficult task, or a practice that takes up too much of your day. Today we will discover that mindfulness is not a momentary state of being, not a time out of the day, but a state to be carried with you in everything you do, say and think. Let’s look at how everyday activities, things you already do, can lead to the calm you seek.


For some reason as soon as I am behind the wheel of the car driving from point A to point B, I pray for mindfulness. Because I know myself. Because I know my brain. I am all over the planet thinking about what needs to be done, thinking about yesterday and tomorrow, about you and about me. Thinking about everything except driving and this life-or-death excursion.

So I pray to be mindful. Pray to be respectful. Pray to be in the moment. And then I see it. Experience it. All the beauty that is in front of my nose. The trees. The road. The people, who all have lives and stories and journeys.

I am able to swerve out of the way of the driver coming from the opposite direction who turns in front of me. My heart does not race. I do not react. I am not upset. I am thankful. For being in the moment. I am alive. And I make it to my destination on time.

I try to carry this mindfulness with me throughout the day. Yes, it goes away and then I must remind myself to get back in the moment. I am no longer driving, but you and I meet. My brain is again all over the planet. I strive to make eye contact with you and give you the time and respect you deserve. We were put into each other’s lives for a reason. I must know that. I must feel that. I must learn from our coming together. I know there are no coincidences.

Most of us spend some part of our day outside. Observing the world around you with fresh eyes is one way to call forth peace. Notice the wonders of nature, how the leaves on the trees change colors, fall, then reappear again in the springtime. Listen more closely to the symphony of birds chirping happily as they go through their day. Look into the happy faces of children on their way to school, or on an outing with their parents.

What’s really magical, not to take away from all of nature’s beauty from majestic El Capitan in Yosemite to the teensy bug I can barely see, is to realize what is going on inside of our own bodies, without our consciousness , without our control. Realizing that each cell within us has a purpose, to keep us strong and healthy and fit. How magical is that?!!!


As you do your work, be thankful that someone is paying you for your talents and abilities. At the end of the day, be fully present with your family and/or friends. Really listen to what they are saying. When you view your surroundings in a new way, listen to your loved ones carefully, move and walk in gratitude, this is mindfulness in its essence. Commit to walk this path and every moment of your life will be far less stressful, much more peaceful and calm.


I am so very blessed to wake up excited every morning to go to work, to be my own boss, to have purpose in what I do and be able to make a living at living my passion. I was very hesitant to leave my comfort zone and steady paycheck and health benefits of 20 years to take an early retirement. I am also very blessed to have found a Higher Power of My Own Understanding in Alcoholics Anonymous to which I can hand over my problems, dilemmas and worries. Sleeping on these life issues and putting them in the God Box helps tremendously in remembering that I am not in control, just in the passenger seat as my god steers me through the life I am intended to live. I listen to my heart, listen to suggestions, then God and I make choices together.

I am slowly getting better at making eye contact, not just for the sake of making eye contact, but to really get in the moment and give that person my full attention and respect he deserves. Again, there are no coincidences as to why that person was put before me. I’ve gained such a wealth of human compassion, loving and caring from those who have entered my “Dee Bubble” to whom I have given my full attention, the message God drove me to while I was in the passenger seat. Being mindful not only leads me to the calm I seek, but to the gift of human interaction…with YOU!

Let the words you’ve heard settle for a moment as we move into silence beyond the thoughts. Find a comfortable place, preferably a straight-back chair. All you need to do is breathe, feeling the inhale and exhale of each breath. The steady rhythm of the breath calls us into the peace and calm we seek.

As thoughts cross your mind, and they will, simply accept them and let them pass, like clouds across a blue sky. Notice any place in your body where you feel tense and just breathe it out. As you follow your breath repeat to yourself silently, “I am mindful in everything I do. I am mindful in everything I do.”

Inhale deeply. Hold for 3 seconds. Hold. Two. Three. Exhale fully for 5 seconds…two… three…four…five. Inhale…two…three. Exhale…two…three…four…five. Let us begin.

From The WellBe Presents Back to Calm in 7 Days Meditation Program

For those interested in Inspirational Art with a Message of Aloha and Well-Being, please visit my website at http://www.DeesignsByHarris. And for those who would like to know more about my art and the story behind my creativity, please sign up for my email updates at f96bf32af105/welcome. Mahalo and Aloha, Dee Harris